Decriminalisation of parking in France: Get ready for the reform!
The parking reform will enter into force on 1 October 2016. In preparation of this event, all French local authorities must therefore set out their policy and determine the resources that they wish to deploy by the end of 2015.
Instituted by the MAPTAM law of 27 January 2014, the parking reform sets out to replace the traditional fine, which penalizes a parking offence, with a fee for occupying the public domain. If users fail to pay, they must now settle a post-parking fixed amount (FPS – forfait de post-stationnement) instead of a fine.
The issues of the reform
Each local authority must quantify the amount of the parking fee and FPS. The price structure can be controlled according to parking area, duration, surface area occupied by the vehicle or even its impact on pollution in the atmosphere. A specific pricing scale for residents may also be considered.
Towns and cities must also reflect on how to organize the way in which fees are controlled; they must also consider the recovery process for new post-parking fixed amounts. As well as anticipate ways in which sale, inspection equipment and the parking management system may be required to adapt.
Benefits for towns and cities
This reform will enable local authorities to set out a consistent and fair mobility policy for greater well-being in urban areas. It will help to overcome major challenges by relieving urban congestion, increasing parking rotation and paving the way for sharing and using the public domain.
The parking overhaul is also an opportunity for Mayors to implement a distinctive parking policy, to increase the information and services provided to users. While encouraging compliance and facilitating controls. Lastly, it is an opportunity to improve the financial return on parking.
What scenarios are open to local authorities?
Local authorities must therefore implement the necessary means to manage these new Post-Parking Fixed amounts which will replace fines. By following the policies of towns and cities to their restrictions, 3 scenarios are possible:
- They opt for minimal compliance with the law by establishing their parking prices and necessary indications printed on the pay station, by displaying the legal information on the pay station and by adapting their organization of controls.
- To facilitate the service for users and assist with controls, they can choose to improve their equipment to provide more useful information to the user by facilitating acceptance through a colour screen. Also one can diversify the payment methods available on thepay station by paying with a debit and credit card. This promotes the payment of the FPS on the pay station and provides access to an online FPS calculation service to facilitate controls and reduce errors. All the data (payments, FPS, etc.) are stored in the Parkeon Cloud and are accessible for the purpose of managing any disputes (RAPO – Compulsory Preliminary Administrative Appeal)
- For even greater efficiency throughout the whole process, the local authority can develop the comprehensive automation of the process by introducing paperless tickets via license plate identification. A scenario which facilitates the immediate payment of the fee through a multi-channel solution (pay station, internet, mobile payment) associated with the control and calculation of the automated FPS, thereby preventing any risks of mistakes when a FPS is being issued on the ground. This scenario also minimises the risk of dispute and helps with processing as all data is registered and accessible from a license plate number.
Parkeon is an expert in parking enforcement solution
Enforcement solutions already exist for instance in Spain, Italy and the US where Parkeon has already introduced integrated solutions whereby fines can be paid on the spot at parking pay stations. With the strength of its international experience, Parkeon is in a position to provide solutions that are on track with the 3 scenarios referred to above.